7. Further reading

Scientific publications (mainly in English)
Further reading (by language)
* English
* Nederlands
* Dansk
* Deutsch
The Poultry Red Mite (further reading & references)

Scientific publications (mainly in English)

Overall list

Specific topics

Further reading by language




FeatherWel - improving feather cover AssureWel - improving feather cover  
FeatherWel management guide [pdf, 5.49mb] AssureWel advice guide [pdf, 661kb]  Hennovation Guidelines [pdf, 2.8Mb]


Signs of feather pecking

Scoring system on the Laywel website
Feather pecking on Wikipedia
Canniablism on Wikipedia

A good start

 Lit de haas Integr sci practice front 180216
Integrating science and practice in order to reduce feather pecking in commercial laying hens. De Haas, E. et al. (Poster, 318,56 kb).








Treatment of feather pecking (in Dutch) Prevention of feather pecking (in Dutch)
Noodmaatregelen tegen pikkerij [Treatment of FP]. Van Niekerk et al. 2013 (Report, 32 pp). Van kuiken tot kip [Prevention of FP]. Van Niekerk et al.2011 (Report, 32 pp).


Tekenen van verenpikken

Een goede start

Taught early is done when old (in Dutch0
Jong geleerd is oud gedaan : opfok van leghennen voor alternatieve systemen. Bestman, M. en C. Keppler, 2002 (Report, 62pp).



 Keeping chickens without yard (in Dutch)
Kippen houden zonder verenpikken. De biologische legpluimveehouderij als uitgangspunt. Bestman, M.W.P. 2002. (Report, 100 pp. 2,7 MB). Hennovation flyer over Pikblokken



Effect van verdunde praktijkvoeders op de kwaliteit van het verenkleed, gedrag en dierprestaties bij opfok- en leghennen. Krimpen, M.M. van; Binnendijk, G.P.; Diepen, J.T.M. van, 2012. Lelystad: Wageningen UR Livestock Research, 2012 (Rapport / Wageningen UR Livestock Research 534) – p. 36.

  • Verenschade afgeremd. Krimpen, M.M. van; Binnendijk, G.P. ; Bruin, W.W. de; Veer, R. de -, 2010. De Pluimveehouderij 40 (2010)16. – ISSN 0166-8250 – p. 26 – 27.


  • Verlagen van uitval bij leghennen. Niekerk, T.G.C.M. van; Bestman, M.W.P.; Wagenaar, J.P.; Reuvekamp, B.F.J.; Bronneberg, R.; Vriens, R.; Westerbeek, F.; Westendorp, S. 2012. Wageningen UR Livestock Research, 2012: 48.


  • Literatuurstudie ingrepen bij pluimvee [Literature study mutilations poultry]. Fiks, T.G.C.M. ; Jong, I.C. de; Veldkamp, T. ; Emous, R.A. van; Middelkoop, J.H. van. Animal Sciences Group / Wageningen UR, 2006 (PraktijkRapport Pluimvee 19) – p. 92




Feather pecking key (in Danish)
Fjerpilningsnøgle [Feather pecking key]. Johansen, N.F. 2013 (Report, 48 pp).



• LWK Niedersachsen (2016) Managementleitfaden – Minimierung von Federpicken und Kannibalismus bei Legehennen mit intaktem Schnabel

• Empfehlungen für die Aufzucht von Junghennen-Kurzfassung 1 Stand: 17.02.2015

•  Links: Niedersachsen and BMEL.

The poultry red mite

Further reading (on Poultry Red Mite)



• Review article on methods to control poultry red mite: Dermanyssus gallinae and poultry production: impact, management, and a predicted compatibility matrix for integrated approaches: (pages 131-141)
• Review article: Sparagano OAE, George DR, Harington DWJ, Giangaspero A (2014b). Significance and control of the poultry red mite, Dermanyssus gallinae. Annu Rev Entomol 59: 447-466.


Checklist Dermanyssus. 2008
Factsheet Poultry Red Mite. Mul, M., H. Bens, I. Odink-Schrijver, 2013.
• An article about silica (application) :
• Website of Cost action COREMI: Control of Red mites including conference proceedings
Proceedings of first conference on PRM in Foggia (2015):
Proceedings of second conference on PRM in Zagreb (2016)
An elaboration of integrated Pest Management (IPM) for poultry red mite (M. Mul)


Hulplijst tegen vogelmijt. 2008.
Website over vogelmijt
Een uitwerking van IPM (integrated Pest Management) voor vogelmijt (bloedluis) (M. Mul)

Mozafar F (2014). Tackling red mite in laying hens remains a challenge. World poultry 30 (1): 22-24

See references of Dutch publication here.
Van Emous RA, Fiks-van Niekerk TGCM, Mul MF (2006) Bloedluizen (vogelmijten) op papier en in de praktijk. PraktijkRapport pluimvee nr. 17, Animal Sciences Group-Praktijkonderzoek ISSN 15708624 (In Dutch with English summary).

References (on Poutry Red Mite)


Dutch: see references of Dutch publication here.

Van Emous RA, Fiks-van Niekerk TGCM, Mul MF (2006) Bloedluizen (vogelmijten) op papier en in de praktijk. PraktijkRapport pluimvee nr. 17, Animal Sciences Group-Praktijkonderzoek ISSN 15708624 (In Dutch with English summary)



Anonymous (2014) Website (22-8-2016)

Axtell RC, Arends JJ (1990) Ecology and management of arthropod pests of poultry. Annu Rev Entomol 35: 101-126

Bartley K (2015) Tackling a mitey problem. Vet Rec 177: 38-39.

Beugnet F, Chauve C, Gauthey M, Beert L (1997) Resistance of the red poultry mite to pyrethroids in France. Vet Rec 140: 577-579.

Chauve CM (1998) The poultry red mite Dermanyssus gallinae (De Geer, 1778) : current situation and future prospects for control. Vet Parasitol 79: 239-245

Chiron G, Varescon A, Lubac S, Bicout DJ, Roy L (2014) Méthode d’aide à la prise de décision de traitement contre Dermanyssus gallinae (pou rouge) en élevage de ponte. TeMA 32 :27-34

Cox M, De Baere K, Vervaet E, Zoons J, Fiks-Van Niekerk T (2009) Red mites: monitoring method and treatment. In: Book of Abstracts 8th European Symposium on Poultry Welfare, Cervia, Italy, 18-22 May: 83.

Dovc a, Semrov N, Vergles Rataj A, Lindtner Knific R, Nemec M, Trbovsek T, Bradasevec Z, Zorman Rojs O (2016) Evaluation of alternative method for sampling Dermanyssus gallinae (Acari: Dermanyssidae) in poultry farms. In: Final programme and book of abstract of the 2nd COST conference and management committee (MC) meeting, COST Action FA1404 Improving current understanding and research for sustainable control of the poultry red mite Dermanyssus gallinae (COREMI),1st-3rd June, Zagreb, Croatia: 23

Entrekin DL, Oliver JH jr (1982) Aggregation of the chicken mite, Dermanyssus gallinae (Acari: Dermanyssidae). J Med Entomol 19: 671-678.

George D, Calaghan K, Guy JH, Sparagano OAE (2008a) Lack of prolonged activity of lavender essential oils as acaricides against the poultry red mite (Dermanyssus gallinae) under laboratory conditions. Res Vet Sci 85(3): 540-542.

George DR, Smith TJ, Sparagano OAE, Gut JH (2008b) The influence of ‘time since last blood meal’ on the toxicity of essential oils to the poultry red mite (Dermanyssus gallinae). Vet Parasitol 155: 333-335

Hamscher G., Priess B., Hartung J, Nogossek MI, Gluender G, Nau H (2003) Determination of propoxur residues in eggs by liquid chromatography-diode array detection after treatment of stocked housing facilities for the poultry red mite (Dermanyssus gallinae). Anal Chim Acta 483: 19-26.

Harrington DWJ, George DR, Guy JH, Sparagano OAE (2011) Opportunities for integrated pest management to control the poultry red mite, Dermanyssus gallinae. World Poult Sci J 67 (1): 83-94

Immediato D, Camarda A, Iatta R, Puttili MR, Ramos RAN, Paola G. Giamgaspero A, Otranto D, Cafarchia C (2015) Laboratory evaluation of a native strain of Beauveria bassiana for controlling Dermanyssus gallinae (De Geer, 1778) (Acari: Dermanysssidae). Vet Parasitol 212 (3/4): 478-482

Kilpinen O, Roepstorff A, Permin A, Nørgaard-Nielsen G, Lawson LG, Simonsen HB (2005) Influence of Dermanyssus gallinae and Ascaridia galli infections on behaviour and health of lying hens (Gallus gallus domesticus). Br Poult Sci 45, 1: 26-34

Kirkwood A (1963) Longevity of the Mites Dermanyssus gallinae and Liponyssus sylviarum. Exp Parasit 14: 358-366

Lammers GA, Bronneberg RGG, Vernooij JCM, Stegeman JA.  Experimental validation of the AVIVET trap, a tool to quantitatively monitor the dynamics of Dermanyssus gallinae populations in laying hens. Poult Sci 0:1–10.

Marangi M, Cafiero MA, Capelli G, Camarda A, Sparagano OAE, Giangaspero A (2009) Evaluation of poultry red mite (Dermanyssus gallinae, Acarina: Dermanyssidae) susceptibility to some acaricides in a field population from Italy. Exp Appl Acarol 48: 11-18

Maurer V, Baumgärtner J (1992) Temperature influence on life table statistics of the chicken mite Dermanyssus gallinae (Acari: Dermanyssidae). Exp Appl Acarol 15: 27-40

Maurer V, Bieri M, Fölsch DW (1988) Das Suchverhalten von Dermanyssus gallinae in Hühnerställen. Archiv Geflügelkd 5: 209-215

Maurer V, Baumgärtner J, Bieri M, Fölsch DW (1993) The occurrence of the chicken mite Dermanyssus gallinae in Swiss poultry houses. Mitt Schweiz Entomol Ges 66: 87–97

Maurer V, Perler E, Heckendorn F (2009) In vitro efficacies of oils, silicas and plant preparations against the poultry red mite Dermanyssus gallinae. Exp Appl Acarol 48: 31-41.

McDevitt R, Nisbet AJ, Huntley JF (2006) Ability of a proteinase inhibitor mixture to kill poultry red mite, Dermanyssus gallinae, in an in vitro feeding system. Vet Parasitol 141: 380-385

Mul M, Van Niekerk T, Chirico J, Maurer V, Kilpinen O, Sparagano O, Thind B, Zoons J, Moore D, Bell B, Gjevre A-G, Chauve C (2009) Control methods for Dermanyssus gallinae in systems for laying hens: results of an international seminar. World Poultry Sci J 6: 589- 600

Mul MF, Van Riel JW, Meerburg BG, Dicke M, George DR, Groot Koerkamp PWG (2015) Validation of an automated mite counter for Dermanyssus gallinae in experimental  laying hen cages. Exp. App. Acarol. 66: 589-603

Mul MF, Ploegaert JPM, George DR, Meerburg BG, Dicke M, Groot Koerkamp PWG (2016) Structured design of an automated monitoring tool for pest species. Biosyst Eng 151: 126-140

Nordenfors H, Höglund J (2000) Long term dynamics of Dermanyssus gallinae in relation to mite control measures in aviary systems for layers. Br Poult Sci 41: 533-540

Nordenfors H, Höglund J, Uggla A (1999) Effects of temperature and humidity on oviposition, molting and longevity of Dermanyssus gallinae (Acari: Dermanyssidae). J Med Entomol 36: 68-72

Nordenfors H, Höglund J, Tauson R, Chirico J (2001) Effect of permethrin impregnated plastic strips on Dermanyssus gallinae in loose-housing systems for laying hens. Vet Parasitol 102: 121-131.

Oliveira DGP, Alves LFA, Sosa-Gomez DR (2014) Advances and Perspectives of the use of the entomopathogenic Fungi Beauveria bassiana and Metarhizium anisopliae for the control of arthropod pests in poultry production. Braz J Poult Sci 16 (1):1-12

Pavlicevic A, Pavlovic I, Stajkovic N (2007) Method for early detection of poultry red mite Dermanyssus gallinae (De Geer, 1778). Biotechnol Anim Husb 23 (3-4): 119-127

Roy L, Chiron G, Lubac S, Bicout DJ (2014) Tape-traps as an easy-to-use tool for monitoring and surveillance of the poultry red mite in cage and free-range layer farms. XIVth European Poultry Conference, Stavanger (Norway), June 23-27th 2014

Sahibi H, Sparagano O, Rhalem A (2008) Dermanyssus gallinae: Acari parasite highly aggressive but still ignored in Morocco. In: BSP spring trypanosomiasis, leishmaniasis and malaria meetings. March 30th – April 2nd, Newcastle upon Tyne, 173

Schicht S, Qi W, Poveda L, Struve C (2013) The predicted secretome and transmembrane of the poultry red mite Dermanyssus gallinae. Parasit Vectors 6: 259

Schulz J (2014) Massnahmen zur bekämphung der roten vogelmilbe (Dermanyssus gallinae) in der ökologischen legehennenhaltung. Dissertation, Freie Universität Berlin. ISBN: 978-3-863877-505-3

Steenberg T, Kilpinen O, Moore D (2006) Fungi for control of the poultry red mite, Dermanyssus gallinae. Proceedings of the international workshop ‘Implementation of biocontrol in practice in temperate regions – present and near future’. DIAS report 119: 71-74

Steenberg T, Kilpinen O (2014) Synergistic interaction between the fungus Beauveria bassiana and desiccant dusts applied against poultry red mites (Dermanyssus gallinae). Exp Appl Acarol 62 (4): 511-524

Sikes RK, Chamberlain RW (1954)  Laboratory observations on three species of bird mites. J Parasitol 40: 691-697

Sokol R, Koziatek Sadlowska S (2016) Monitoring the invasion of Dermanyssus gallinae in flocks of layer hens. In: Final programme and Book of abstract of the 2nd COST conference and management committee (MC) meeting, COST Action FA1404 Improving current understanding and research for sustainable control of the poultry red mite Dermanyssus gallinae (COREMI),1st-3rd June, Zagreb, Croatia: 24

Thind BB, Ford HL (2007) Assessment of susceptibility of the poultry red mite Dermanyssus gallinae (Acari: Dermanyssidae) to some acaricides using an adapted filter paper based bioassay. Vet Parasitol 144: 344-348

Tucci EC, Bruno TV, Guimaraes JH (1989) Armadilha para amostragem de Dermanyssus gallinae (Acari Dermanyssidae) em aviários de postura comercial. Arq Inst Biol (São Paulo) Supl, 56: 114

Tuovinen T, Heikkilä P, Juvonen S, Lindqvist B, Tuovinen T (2010) Kanapunkki hallintaan munintakanaloissa. Control of red poultry mite in laying hen houses. Research report MM12-3/312/2010. MTT Kasvintuotannon tutkimus Joikioinen (In Finnish)

Valiente Moro C, Luna CJ de, Tod A, Guy JH, Sparagano OAE, Zenner L (2009) The poultry red mite (Dermanyssus gallinae): a potential vector of pathogenic agents. Exp Appl Acarol 48: 93-104

Van de Ven D (2016) Q-perch, electronic control of red mite. In: Final programme and Book of abstract of the 2nd COST conference and management committee (MC) meeting, COST Action FA1404 Improving current understanding and research for sustainable control of the poultry red mite Dermanyssus gallinae (COREMI),1st-3rd June, Zagreb, Croatia: 21

Zenner L, Bon G, Chauve C, Nemoz C, Lubac S (2009) Monitoring of Dermanyssus gallinae in free-range poultry farms. Exp Appl Acarol 48: 157-166

Zoons J (2004) The effect of light programs on red mite (Dermanyssus gallinae) in battery cage housing, in: Perry GC (Ed.) Welfare of the Laying Hen, p. 416 (CABI).


Van Emous RA, Napel J ten (2007) Buis met stokje zeer geschikt voor bewustwording. De Pluimveehouderij 37: 8-9 (In Dutch).

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